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> Planted Aquarium V14

weijie
post Aug 24 2013, 03:25 PM, updated 2y ago

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Planted Aquarium V1 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/429955 - by nezumitaro
Planted Aquarium V2 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/1008287
Planted Aquarium V3 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/1241871
Planted Aquarium V4 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/1376905
Planted Aquarium V5 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/1488629 - by freestyler87
Planted Aquarium V6 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/1688071 - by michanz
Planted Aquarium V7 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/2007035 - by ciohbu
Planted Aquarium V8 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/2255889 - by ciohbu
Planted Aquarium V9 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/2255889 - by weijie
Planted Aquarium V10 - Planted tank V10 - by weijie
Planted Aquarium V11 - http://forum.lowyat.net/topic/2658495 - by qz4eva
Planted Aquarium V12 - https://forum.lowyat.net/topic/2767979 - by weijie

Creating a Nature Aquarium (do note that there are many substrate brands in the market, you do not need to follow EXACTLY the steps given below)
1. Bottom layer
-> lava rocks / ADA 5elements (Bacter100, clear super, tourmaline BC, Penac W, Penac P)
user posted image

2. Substrate layer: Soil (eg: ADA aquasoil normal type, ADA aquasoil powder type, JBL base fert, etc)
user posted image

3. Layout: Rocks, Driftwoods
user posted image

4. Plants
user posted image

5. Livestock: Fishes/shrimps/snails (add after major water change 50-70% 1week after initial setup)
user posted image


"Dry Start Method" or "Emersed Growth Method"
Different people may have different opinions on this, but in my opinion this is the easiest way to create a scape especially "Iwagumi" style aquascapes where the plants we use are just foreground plants. One of the biggest challenges when we create aquascapes with just one variety of foreground plants is the plant mass is less when the initial planting is done. Now when we use substrate like ADA Amazonia II which is rich in nutrients the plant volume is not enough to absorb all the excess nutrients that algae takes over and it becomes extremely difficult to maintain such tanks until the plants have established and grown fully. Now for people who don't want to go through this trouble of the initial phase but yet end up with a Iwagumi scape like the one below, this method is the perfect solution.
user posted image
During this phase you really don't need to do much maintenance on the tank. You don't need to have very high lights on the tank as well as there is no water column to penetrate. No CO2 injection required. All you need to do is keep your lights on for 8-10 Hrs a day, open the wrap once a week for 5 min so that fresh air gets in and seal it back up. The results after two and half months is below.
user posted image
Once the plants have filled in like shown above, it's time to fill the tank with water. Once the water is filled, CO2 injection is required and needs to be kept very high for 2 weeks close to 5 bubbles per second (bps). Afterward, bring it down to 3bps. Setup lights as per the plants requirements. (Cuba is not a very light demanding plant). Setup filter that you have decided on using. If you are using nutrient rich substrate like ADA Amazonia II, follow the below light and water change routine.

Week 1: 3 Hrs of Light , 50 % Water change once in 3 Days
Week 2: 5 Hrs of Light , 30 % Water change once in 3 Days
Week 3: 7 Hrs of Light , 30% Water change once a week
Week 4: 9 Hrs of Light , 30% Water change once a week

Your tank is completely cycled after this stage and if you follow the above routine you will have minimal algae issues except for some diatom algae during the first 2 weeks on the glass which is easily wiped off during your water changes.

NOTE: A correct combination of amount of Light , CO2 and nutrients is required to keep a planted tank free of algae bloom. In most cases it is excessive light that causes the problem. Keep your lighting moderate and you will have minimal algae issues.
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weijie
post Aug 24 2013, 03:26 PM

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Types of Filtration:
Mechanical Filtration: This type of filtration is used to remove suspended dirt, floating particles and debris from the water column. This type of filtration is achieved by foam, sponge, fiber mesh and similar fine meshed media. Below is an example of a Mechanical Filter Media from an Eheim Canister Filter.
user posted image

Biological Filtration: This is the main type of filtration that is required for any aquarium. This mainly consists of media like Ceramic Rings, Bio Balls, Lava Rocks, etc, essentially media which is highly porous which provides a large surface area. Lot of essential bacteria like nitrifying bacteria and microorganisms thrive and multiply in this type of media and the high surface area provided by this type of media directly results in the amount of bacteria that colonize in your filter. These bacteria are found in the tank and form a film over every surface inside the aquarium and are referred to as “Bio Film” but the quantity of this in the tank is not enough. Hence we use Biological Media in the filter to provide a good growing area for these bacteria. These bacteria convert harmful shrimp waste which is essentially ammonia into harmless nitrates which is readily absorbed by the plants as nutrients. Without the biological filtration in place the shrimp waste spoils the water quality and the flora and fauna suffer which also leads to death. This type of media should ideally form 80% of the entire media used in the filter.
user posted image

There are commercially available products that have dormant essential bacteria that become active when you add them to your tank. It usually comes in a powder form and can be used underneath the substrate, sprinkled inside your tank and on the biological filter media. This will jump start your Tank cycling process. This can also be used in case you end up wiping out the essential bacteria in your setup for any reason. Some examples of these products are ADA Bacter 100, ADA Bacter Ball, Mosura Bio Plus etc. There is also biological filtration media which come seeded with the essential bacteria like ADA Bio Rio which also reduces your tank cycling time and also has excellent surface area for your bacteria to colonize. To know if you’re nitrifying bacteria and other essential bacteria are doing well, you can use an ammonia/nitrite test kit. These should ideally be zero.Below is a picture of ceramic rings.


Chemical Filtration: This type of filter is used to remove harmful chemicals from the water in the tank. Activated Carbon is what is used to act as a chemical filter. The life of activated carbon is 7 – 14 days based on the quality. After which it needs to be replaced if required. External Canister Filters come with an Activated Carbon Pad as a part of the filter media. Once a tank is cycled, you really don’t need to have this media in your filter unless you suspect that there are some harmful chemicals in the water. It is good to keep this media handy with you, in case for any reason if some harmful chemicals do get introduced to your tank through the tap water or other sources you can use this media in your filter to nullify the effect of those chemicals on your shrimps. Below is a picture of Activated Carbon
user posted image

Common types of mechanical filter
External Canister Filters: These are the best type of filters for planted aquarium. They have a large media chamber which can be effectively used for housing a large amount of Biological Media. They sit outside the tank and hence make the tank look clutter free. Have a smooth and silent operation. Eheim Filters are one of the best External Canister Filters available in the market. Below is a picture of an Eheim Classic Canister Filter and the ideal way to layer media in the canister filter.
user posted imageuser posted image

Hang On Back Filter: Also called as HOB’s, these filters are hung on the edge of the glass, there is a pipe which goes into the aquarium and is used to siphon the water out into the main filtration chamber which sits outside the aquarium and flows back into the aquarium through an outlet. These come in various filter capacity referred to as LPH (Liters per Hour). These are ideal for small tanks. You can put some Biological Filtration Media in the chamber, but the space is very limited.
user posted image

Sponge Filter: This type of filter is the most commonly used filters, this filter is placed completely inside an Aquarium and is air driven by an aerator. The main component of these filters is a sponge which acts as a mechanical filter and this works well as a biological filter as well. These again come in various sizes and you should choose one based on your tank capacity.
user posted image

Under Gravel Filter: Also commonly known as UG Filter. This consists of a base plate with grooves, The substrate is covered over the base plate. There is a pipe which goes into the base plate and this is the one which is visible above the surface. This filter as the sponge filter is a air driven filter. The essential bacteria colonization happens in the base plate. Some professional breeders use this in conjunction with the External Canister Filter, where the pipe coming from the base plate is connected to the intake of the canister filter. When you are using UG Filter ensure that you use a substrate that does not easily break down, as this will get into the grooves of the base plate and eventually end up clogging it.

Cleaning Your Filter:
Yes, there is a right way to do this. Your filter is constantly removing debris and muck from your tank and all this is getting accumulated in the filtration media in your filter. This accumulation reduces the filters flow rate and hence its effectiveness. Ensure that you clean your filter media when you see your filter flow rate has reduced.

Take some water from the aquarium in a vessel or tub, rinse and squeeze the dirt out from the mechanical filter media in this tub. For the biological filter media like your ceramic rings, bio balls etc, what i usually do is put them in a wide mesh net bag so that they can be easily removed for filter maintenance. Just dip the bag with the filter media a couple of times in the tub to remove large pieces of dirt and debris. Do not give a thorough wash for this media, the concept is simple, if you give it a good wash you will end up wiping away the majority of your bacteria along with it and it takes time for the biological filter to establish again. Another thing that i do is always after a filter is cleaned, i put in some artificial bacteria like ADA Bacter 100 into the filter chamber itself in the cases of Canister and HOB, In cases of other filters i just put this into the tank itself to replenish lost bacteria.

Thanks to ShrimpNow !!!
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weijie
post Aug 24 2013, 03:27 PM

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Local Fish Shop selling Planted Aquarium Equipment and Accessories

CHERAS/HULU LANGAT
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SUBANG JAYA/PETALING JAYA
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DAMANSARA


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PUCHONG
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OTHERS
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JOHOR
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OUTSIDE KLANG VALLEY
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This post has been edited by weijie: Aug 14 2014, 01:56 PM
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weijie
post Aug 24 2013, 03:27 PM

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Substrate Additives,

ADA 5elements explanations
Source: Plocher, http://www.plantedtank.net/forums/showpost...45&postcount=70
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weijie
post Aug 24 2013, 03:38 PM

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Welcome to Planted tank V13 !

Simple Rule in this forum topic:
This Planted tank forum is used for discussion and sharing information related to planted tank community.
DO NOT post your Adversitement here !!!
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budakdegilz
post Jan 10 2015, 04:58 PM

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budakdegilz
post Jan 10 2015, 04:59 PM

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budakdegilz
post Jan 10 2015, 04:59 PM

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post Jan 10 2015, 05:00 PM

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post Jan 10 2015, 05:03 PM

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Malformed
post Jan 10 2015, 05:22 PM

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Great to see planted aquarium entering a new thread!
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Ashraf Farid
post Jan 10 2015, 07:41 PM

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Allow me to reiterate a previous question.

Anyone know a fish shop selling bristlenose plecos? Want to breed them in my pond.
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cute_miao
post Jan 12 2015, 08:30 AM

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Congrats...but seems the response are getting slightly slower than previous years.
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soul_gamerz
post Jan 12 2015, 08:35 AM

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nairud
post Jan 12 2015, 05:25 PM

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post #1-5 moved to here
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tzuen
post Jan 12 2015, 05:26 PM

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QUOTE(Ashraf Farid @ Jan 10 2015, 07:41 PM)
Allow me to reiterate a previous question.

Anyone know a fish shop selling bristlenose plecos? Want to breed them in my pond.
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icon_idea.gif V14 rclxms.gif

Maybe you can look for it at:

1. https://www.facebook.com/R08ThatFishShop
2. https://www.facebook.com/nextaqua


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tzuen
post Jan 12 2015, 05:27 PM

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QUOTE(nairud @ Jan 12 2015, 05:25 PM)
post #1-5 moved to here
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Thanks moderator.
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Ashraf Farid
post Jan 12 2015, 06:31 PM

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QUOTE(tzuen @ Jan 12 2015, 05:26 PM)
icon_idea.gif V14  rclxms.gif

Maybe you can look for it at:

PMed them. Thanks.
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kurangak
post Jan 13 2015, 01:21 PM

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ive made a mistake. bought 2 dwarf gourami. tot my tank is big enough for both of them. turns out its not n now 1 is terrorising the other doh.gif

anybody interested in adopting 1 dwarf gourami+a few sickly looking assassin snail?

This post has been edited by kurangak: Jan 13 2015, 01:22 PM
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Ashraf Farid
post Jan 13 2015, 01:40 PM

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Just realised: Assassin snails are native to Malaysia.

Gonna look out for some next time I go netting biggrin.gif
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